American White Pelican: Facts, Characteristics, Habitat & More

The American White Pelican is a large water bird with a wingspan of up to 9 feet. It has a white body with black flight feathers and a distinctive orange bill. During breeding season, it develops a fibrous plate on its bill and a yellow crest on its head. It is a social bird that feeds cooperatively by swimming in groups and dipping their bills to scoop up fish and other aquatic prey. It is found in freshwater and saltwater habitats across North America.

Characteristics and Facts About American White Pelican

1. Large size: American White Pelicans are one of the largest birds in North America, with a wingspan of up to 9 feet.

2. White plumage: As their name suggests, American White Pelicans have white feathers, with black flight feathers visible when they are in flight.

3. Long bill: They have a long, straight, and broad bill that is yellow in color with a pouch at the end.

4. Social behavior: American White Pelicans are highly social birds and often gather in large flocks.

5. Aquatic habitat: They are primarily found in freshwater habitats such as lakes, rivers, and wetlands.

6. Fish-eaters: American White Pelicans are primarily fish-eaters and use their large bills and pouches to scoop up fish from the water.

7. Migratory: They are migratory birds and breed in the northern parts of North America and winter in the southern parts.

8. Non-diving: Unlike other pelican species, American White Pelicans do not dive into the water to catch fish. Instead, they swim on the surface and scoop up fish with their bills.

9. Long lifespan: American White Pelicans can live up to 16 years in the wild.

10. Endangered: Although not currently endangered, American White Pelicans were once hunted for their feathers and eggs, and their populations declined significantly. Conservation efforts have helped to stabilize their populations.

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